Scientific Illustration

Oct 14 2010in Art Archiving, News by admin No Comments »

This will be a long post. We will go through great examples.

Camille Flammarion and “La fin du Monde”.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Nicolas Camille Flammarion (26 February 1842—3 June 1925) was a French astronomer and author. He was a prolific author of more than fifty titles, including popular science works about astronomy, several notable early science fiction novels, and several works about Spiritualism and related topics. He also published the magazine L’Astronomie, starting in 1882. He maintained a private observatory at Juvisy-sur-Orge, France.

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Telefonoskopiske.jpg

English: The Telefonoskopi the whole world in the immediate knowledge of any important or interesting occurrence. (Flammarion, Camille: La fin du monde)

Source http://www.flickr.com/photos/haabet/3407696900/

Ernst Haeckel.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (February 16, 1834 – August 9, 1919),[1] also written von Haeckel, was an eminent German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology, including anthropogeny, ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and the kingdom Protista. Haeckel promoted and popularized Charles Darwin’s work in Germany and developed the controversial recapitulation theory (“ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny”) claiming that an individual organism’s biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarizes its species’ entire evolutionary development, or phylogeny.

The published artwork of Haeckel includes over 100 detailed, multi-colour illustrations of animals and sea creatures (see: Kunstformen der Natur, “Artforms of Nature”). As a philosopher, Ernst Haeckel wrote Die Welträtsel (1895–1899, in English, The Riddle of the Universe, 1901), the genesis for the term “world riddle” (Welträtsel); and Freedom in Science and Teaching[2] to support teaching evolution.

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

Carlo Ruini.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Carlo Ruini (1530–1598) was one of the most noted anatomists of the horse of the 16th century.

He was born into a wealthy family in Bologna, Italy and was privately educated in the style of most upper class children. He did not receive special training as a physician or attend the famous university in Bologna. It is unknown if he received special training in art. He appears to have been an avid collector of horses and a rider. His noted work, Anatomia del Cavallo, appeared two months after his death in 1598 and was a milestone in equine veterinary publishing. It is especially known for its well drafted woodcut images of horse anatomy which were heavily influenced by human anatomical works published in the decades before, especially Andreas Vesalius’ De Fabrica Corporis Humani (Basel, 1543). It was also the first book to focus exclusively on the structure of a species other than man. Numerous editions of the work were published, and its images and text were often plagiarized, including the many errors to be found in the first edition.

http://commons.wikimedia.org

Jacob Koebel & Johann Dryander.

(1537)

Andreas Vesalius.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Andreas Vesalius (December 31, 1514 – October 15, 1564) was an anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica (On the Fabric of the Human Body). Vesalius is often referred to as the founder of modern human anatomy.

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (Pisa 28 January 1608 – 31 December 1679) was a Renaissance Italian physiologist, physicist and mathematician. He contributed to the modern principle of scientific investigation by continuing Galileo’s custom of testing hypotheses against observation. Trained in mathematics, Borelli also made extensive studies of Jupiter’s moons and, in microscopy, of the constituents of blood. He also used microscopy to investigate the stomatal movement of plants, and undertook studies in medicine and geology. During his career, he enjoyed the protection of Queen Christina of Sweden, which sheltered him from the attacks from the Italian authorities suffered by Galileo.

René Descartes.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

René Descartes (French pronunciation: [ʁəne dekaʁt]; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) (Latinized form: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: “Cartesian”),[2] was a French philosopher, mathematician, physicist, and writer who spent most of his adult life in the Dutch Republic. He has been dubbed the “Father of Modern Philosophy,” and much subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which are studied closely to this day. In particular, his Meditations on First Philosophy continues to be a standard text at most university philosophy departments. Descartes’ influence in mathematics is also apparent; the Cartesian coordinate system—allowing geometric shapes to be expressed in algebraic equations—was named after him. He is credited as the father of analytical geometry. Descartes was also one of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution.

Albrecht Dürer.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Albrecht Dürer (German pronunciation: [ˈalbʁɛçt ˈdyːʁɐ]; 21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)[1] was a German painter, printmaker and theorist from Nuremberg. His prints established his reputation across Europe when he was still in his twenties, and he has been conventionally regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance ever since. His well-known works include the Apocalypse woodcuts, Knight, Death, and the Devil (1513), Saint Jerome in his Study (1514) and Melencolia I (1514), which has been the subject of extensive analysis and interpretation. His watercolours mark him as one of the first European landscape artists, while his ambitious woodcuts revolutionized the potential of that medium.

Dürer’s introduction of classical motifs into Northern art, through his knowledge of Italian artists and German humanists, have secured his reputation as one of the most important figures of the Northern Renaissance. This is reinforced by his theoretical treatise, which involve principles of mathematics, perspective and ideal proportions.

Athanasius Kircher.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Athanasius Kircher (1602–1680) (sometimes erroneously spelled Kirchner) was a 17th century German Jesuit scholar who published around 40 works, most notably in the fields of oriental studies, geology, and medicine. Kircher has been compared to fellow Jesuit Roger Boscovich and to Leonardo da Vinci for his enormous range of interests, and has been honoured with the title “master of a hundred arts”.


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